The Superbike World Championship (also known as SBK, World Superbike, WSB, or WSBK) was founded in 1988. It is regulated by the Federation of International Motorcycling (FIM), the international governing body of motorcycle racing. The SBK season consists of a series of rounds held on permanent racing facilities. Each round has two races and the results of each race are combined to determine two annual world championships; one for riders and one for manufacturers.

The SBK motorbikes are tuned versions of motorcycles available for sale to the public, in contrast with the MotoGP where purpose-built machines are used. MotoGP is the motorcycle world's equivalent of Formula One, whereas Superbike racing is more similar to sports car racing, much like the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Riders from all over the world compete in the Superbike World Championship. The championship is perhaps most closely followed in Italy by fans of Italian motorcycle manufacturer, Ducati, and the United Kingdom where superbike racing has been the most popular form of motorcycle racing. British rider Carl Fogarty is the most successful rider in the championship's history, clinching the title four times and amassing a total of 59 race wins. Many riders successful in the Superbike World Championship have gone on to MotoGP, such as 2002 champion Colin Edwards, 2007 champion James Toseland, and 2005 runner-up Chris Vermeulen.

The SBK 2015 will go on 13 exhilarating rounds starting with the season opener, Swan Insurance Australian round, Chang Thai, Aragon, Dutch, Acerbis Italian round, UK, Portuguese, Riviera di Rimini, Geico US, Pirelli Malaysian round, Spanish, French and Pirelli Qatar rounds. Japanese superbike manufacturer, Kawasaki, is currently dominating the championship with 240 points followed by Italian Aprilia at 169 points and Ducati trailing third at 164 points. On the other hand, British riders are dominating the lead with Jonathan Rea atop the standings table followed closely by Leon Haslam while Tom Sykes coming in third.